With the following statements, word play and strong expression, the city of Lausanne (French speaking part of Switzerland and at the Lac of Geneva) launched at the beginning of March 2015: „Une ville jusqu’au bout des toits“ and „au diable les toitures plates qui font grise mine dans le paysage urban!“ the green roof policy initiative for the city.
Green Space Management in Lausanne
Lausanne – a Swiss city at the Lake of Geneva and close to the Alps (source: Google)
The City of Lausanne in the 1990s started to change the way it managed the green spaces in the city. Previously parks and and other green spaces were intensively managed but slowly the city has been taking a more extensive and natural approach.
Green roof potenial in Lausanne
With approximately 3,000 flat roofs, Lausanne has enormous potential to improve the city’s green infrastructure, by turning these their grey surfaces into green ones. This could create around 1 million m2 of green space for biodiversity.
A voluntary policy
Today, the City is taking strides to promote extensive green roofs on buildings owned by the City. It is also encouraging businesses and homeowners to also implement natural green space on the rooftops. The City has published a guide that provides recommendations and guidelines for architects and contractors to raise awareness and the implementation of green roofs beyond the City’s own ownership.
Where new developments are proposed, the city regularly makes the implementation of green roofs as a planning condition through urban planning regulations (PPA, PQ). This regulation covers the need to compensate for the loss of green and permeable spaces within the city.
A guidance of recommendations to architects and contractors, and the launch of a subsidy program. In the case of new buildings, the city also already regularly imposes the green roofs in urban planning regulations (PPA, PQ) in ecological compensation guide to the loss of green spaces and permeable ground.
A first greened roof in Lausanne after renovation – following already the requirements
(source: Aino Adriaens, 2013).
A Financial Boost for green roofs in Lausanne
To motivate private sector to vegetate their roofs during renovations or new construction, Lausanne has now launched a pilot project to financially support such initiatives. This follows the example of Basel. This northern Swiss City intiated two subsidy campaigns in the early noughties that gave confidence to both businesses, construction professionals and residents that green roofs were achieveable and desirable. This lead to over 250 new green roofs during the compaign and was huge boost for the city. Lausanne hopes to have the same effect and lead the way in the French part of Switzerland.
To qualify for the Lausanne grant, homeowners and businesses must meet a number of requirements.
1. The envrionmental quality factor of the green roofs, which covers:
- Choice of Plants
- Plant implementation – seeding and plug planting
- Substrate depth
- Substrate characteristics
- Additonal features for biodiversity – stones temporary pools, wood piles etc.
Most of these qualities are covered and outlined in detail in the new Swiss green roof standard that the Swiss Green Roof Industry released a few years ago-
Where PV panels and combined with green roofs the above environmental quality factors should be included.
This campaign along with the guidance and recommendations should lead to boom for nature and urban life quality for the city by Lake Geneva.